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K2 : Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering

K2 : Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering

K2, also known as Mount Godwin-Austen, is the second-highest mountain in the world, standing tall at 8,611 meters (28,251 feet) above sea level. It is located on the border between China and Pakistan and is part of the Karakoram Range. K2 is considered one of the most challenging mountains to climb. In this article, we will explore the history of K2, the challenges of climbing it, and the best hiking and mountaineering routes.


How high is the K2 base camp?

The height of the K2 base camp is approximately 5,000 meters or 16,400 feet above sea level 1.

Can you climb K2 from Pakistan?

Yes, you can climb K2 from Pakistan. K2 is located on the border between Pakistan and China, and the base camp is in Pakistan 2.

Is K2 the most challenging mountain to climb?

K2 is widely considered one of the most challenging mountains to climb due to its steep slopes, unpredictable weather, and high altitude. It is often referred to as the “Savage Mountain” and is known for its high fatality rate. While it is not the highest mountain in the world, it is considered by many to be the most challenging mountain to climb 3456.

Can I climb K2 with no experience?

Climbing K2 requires a great deal of self-reliance, altitude experience, rope- and climbing skills, as well as managerial competence to lead and organize alpine expeditions. It is not recommended to climb K2 with no experience.

k2 expedition by Jasmine-tour

History of K2

K2 was first discovered by Westerners in 1856 when T.G. Montgomerie surveyed India. Montgomerie assigned each peak, finding a K for Karakoram and then a number. Most peaks, however, were named by the local people. Since most of the locals had never seen K-2, it escaped this fate. It was temporarily named Godwin Austin by the British, but it was eventually dropped, and K-2 was stuck.

The Italian team under Ardito Desio’s leadership made the first ascent to K2. The first climbers on top were Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. Nevertheless, a few earlier expeditions—the Duke of Abruzzi in 1909 and the American teams under C. Houston in 1938 and 1953—made the first reconnaissances of the Abruzzi Spur. Many climbers consider K2 to be the most difficult of all 8000-meter peaks. K2 has four prominent ridges and two smaller ridges:

  1. South-east: The Abruzzi Spur
  2. South-west: To Negrotto Pass and Angel Peak
  3. North-east: To Juncton Peak
  4. North-west: To Savoia Pass

K2’s north face, towering over the glacier, is one of the most enormous walls in the world. On the right side of the wall is a massive north pillar. Over the Godwin-Austen Glacier rises the beautiful east wall. On the 2/3rd of the wall, there’s a big, icy terrace called K2’s Arm. The west pillar divides the west wall into two parts: one over the Negrotto Glacier and the central part over the upper part of Savoia Glacier. On that part is a big, over 1000 meters high, rocky part called “Barrel.” On the south face, there are two spurs: the right one, which reaches the Abruzzi Spur at the height of Arm, and the left, which combines with the south-west pillar over the hanging Glacier de Filippi 1.

k2 Mountaineering by Jasmine tours

Challenges of Climbing K2

K2 is considered one of the most challenging mountains to climb due to its steep slopes, unpredictable weather, and high altitude. Unlike Everest, the world’s highest peak, K2, does not have a monsoon season, so most climbs are in July and August, a time of year when the weather is best. Most climbers leave between 10 p.m. and 1 a.m. for the summit. Consider bringing a thin line (4-5mm) for the bottleneck, a 100-meter narrow couloir at 8300 meters that is 80–90 degrees. If it is windswept and cold, the ice in this couloir can create highly challenging, sustained climbing.

Hiking and Mountaineering Routes

There are several routes to climb K2, but the most popular ones are the Abruzzi Spur and the North Ridge route. The Abruzzi Spur is considered the “easier” climbing route, more so than the North Ridge route. The route through the Abruzzi Spur and up the Black Pyramid is said to be slightly easier to climb than the North Ridge route.


K2 is a challenging mountain to climb, but it is also one of the most rewarding. With its steep slopes, unpredictable weather, and high altitude, K2 is not for the faint of heart. However, for those who are up to the challenge, the views from the summit are breathtaking. The Abruzzi Spur and North Ridge routes are the most popular routes to climb K2, and both offer unique challenges and rewards.

If you’re interested in climbing K2, consider joining the K2 expedition. Our experienced guides will help you navigate the mountain’s treacherous terrain and ensure that you have a safe and enjoyable climb. For more information, visit our website, Jasmine Tours.

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